Gum Disease and Periodontal Therapy

Just because we are getting older does not mean we will eventually lose our teeth. With regular professional cleanings and oral exams, there is a very good possibility a person may be able to retain their natural teeth for life. This means not just taking care of the actual teeth, but also the gums and tooth-supporting bone.

Gum disease is a bacterial infection. This type of bacteria may cause the bone to become diseased. This is why dentists and their staffs are very diligent to spot early signs that patients may not notice. When signs of trouble look imminent, periodontal therapy may be suggested.

Periodontal therapy takes different forms, but the end goal is always the same: restoration of diseased tissues back to health. Gum (periodontal) disease can spread from the gums to the bone that support your teeth. In the most extreme cases, this can lead to tooth loss. Fortunately, there are some effective therapies such as deep cleaning or scaling to fight these conditions. Other procedures include the removal of plaque and calculus (tartar) from beneath the gum line, and even surgery to repair diseased gum and bone tissue.

Periodontal therapy includes both surgical and non-surgical techniques to restore health to the tissues that support the teeth (gums and bone) and prevent tooth loss. Some of the more widely used periodontal procedures include the following:

  • Gum Grafting. There are situations where the replacement of lost gum tissue is needed to ensure tooth roots are adequately protected. This may be accomplished by taking healthy gum tissue from one area of the mouth and moving it to the problem area
  • Periodontal Laser Treatment. Removing diseased gum tissue with lasers is an alternative to regular surgery. It has some nice advantages, including much less discomfort and gum shrinkage.
  • Dental Implants. The preferred method of tooth replacement is a titanium dental implant. This is placed beneath the gum line and into the jawbone during a minor surgical procedure. The implant is then attached to a realistic-looking dental crown. It is almost identical looking to a natural tooth.

Since plaque is the biggest cause of dental and gum disease, it is imperative to remove it daily. This means being very consistent by brushing each day with a fluoride toothpaste. Flossing the areas between teeth is also essential to a healthy mouth.

Of course, some areas of the mouth cannot be cleaned with a toothbrush or floss. This is why it is very important to have regular professional cleanings. In the Chicago suburb of Glenview, your number one choice for all your dental needs is the Office of Scott Malik, DDS.  The dentist and his friendly staff have been helping families keep their teeth and gums healthy for years. Give them a call today at 847-724-1771 to set up an appointment.